How to do conclusions for research papers

A good conclusion should link to your entire paper. Being the last part of the paper, it has to bring out the significance of your idea in a single section. You should ensure your ideas are not scattered but bring out a proper structure of what you are writing about.

Depending on what kind of paper you are writing, conclusions may not vary greatly. They may have or represent different ideas but the structure remains the same. You should always ensure your conclusion is clear and precise. Having the ideas from your introduction and body connected to form logic. It should not be short with no or less explanations.

Concluding your paper may not be easy as it should bring out the importance of your paper in a more effective, clear and ideal manner.

What is a conclusion?

It is basically the last part of your paper, containing the summary of your key points, significance of your topic, thesis statement and so on. Some papers may require you summarize the entire paper in one, two or more paragraphs. It is intended to help your reader understand what the paper is all about and why it is important. Just as an introduction gives an impression on the reader on what to expect, a conclusion should give the reader a lasting impression.

What is the objective of the conclusion?

Apart from giving the reader a more understanding of what you are talking about, it reminds them of the importance of your main idea by looking at the main evidence supporting it. Additionally, it has to give the reader the concise and main idea of your paper.

Here are the various ways to make your conclusion more welcoming:

  1. Revisit your topic

You can explain it briefly and try bring out why it is so important. You should not make more arguments about the topic as you have done in the body. It should be clear with no explanations.

  • Thesis statement

You should rewrite your thesis statement as from the introduction. It should sound the same and bring out the same effect from the topic. However, no more support and arguments are needed.

  • Summarize your points

Writing down your main points will make it easy for you in expressing what you are talking about. Only consider the main points as in the body without more explanations. You should also ensure there are no new ideas or details in the summary. It should also not be very exact but bring out the idea in a clear and unique way.

  • Give your points significance

 In most cases, the paper may not require you to support your points in the conclusion as in the body. However, there are papers which need you to make your points important. You can give an evaluation and significance of your points in order to attract your readers’ interest.

Additionally, if you had not explained the significance of your research in the body part, you can describe your main points and their significance.

  • Indicate opportunities for the future

If you had not talked about the experience during the research, you can outline the drawbacks, challenges and problems you encountered when collecting the information to help with future research. You can use quotes, examples or personal opinion to drive the point home. This may help your readers adjust to what they will find and how to go about it to give the research a significant.

What you should avoid in the conclusion

  •  Avoid unnecessary words– Ensure the conclusion is exact and short. Most of the long conclusions may have unnecessary information. The summary of points should be brief as per what was learnt from the research and so on.
  • Do not ignore problems– If you encountered any problems, drawbacks and challenges during the research, ensure you talk about them. This will help more in future research findings and you can also give an opinion on their impact on your research.
  • Do not look doubt yourself– During the research, you may find new information and this may give you doubts on how you will bring out the information you have gathered to make sense. You should be confidence and support your points in the most possible way. In this case, you should not apologize to what you have not included; you may even have more information than your professor about the research.

Conclusions are an important part of any kind of paper. They give you a more exact result of the entire paper. If done effectively, you can give your readers a lasting impression of your works.

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